Below is a short list of the most prevelant and dangerous emergency and disaster situations. Knowing what you may have to deal with some day will help you prepare and increase your chances of survival.
Fires - A fire can happen anywhere and anytime. It does not matter your environment, time of year, weather, or conditions. It can be caused by electrical problems, strong sunlight, high temperatures, or simply being uncareful.
Tornado, Wind Storm, or Tropical Storm - Storms and high winds can cause all types of destruction. You should have a place you can seek shelter in case of extreme conditions, and remember to already have your survival kit prepared!
Floods - Flash floods can be much more dangerous than people think. Being in your house during a flood can be as dangerous as being in a sinking ship. Never underestimate the potential of a flood and always know where you can seek high ground in such an event.
Earthquakes or Landslides - Although many places don't seem to be threatened by this type of disaster, it can still occur in most places on a moderate to high level of threat. Some types of serious concerns due to earthquakes include broken gas lines, fissures in road ways, and electrical problems.
Winter Storms - The good news about winter storm problems is that they are foreseen far enough in advance to prepare. Make sure you have your survival kit prepared before the winter comes. Know how to shut off the water pipe line to prevent burst pipes. Avoid driving through extreme winter conditions.
Influenza/Disease Pandemic - This is a different type of disaster many people don't think about. Preparing for this event is a whole different kind of preparation. Keep updated on pandemic conditions, hospitals and doctors may be overwhelmed with patients so you may have to take care of yourself and loved ones. The key to fighting illness is simply staying healthy. This involves 4 basic guidelines.
Eat a proper diet. Educate yourself on what type of food to eat and avoid.
Exercise regularly. Elevate your heart rate for 30 minutes a day. Push yourself a little, but you don't have to be extreme to reap benefits.
Rest! Rest can be in the form of sleep, which you should have about 7-8 hours per day. No more than 9. Or rest can be in the form of deep relaxation. You don't always have to be asleep for your body to recover and heal from stresses. Take time to just ease your mind, maybe learn a form of meditation.
Stay clean. Keeping your skin, skalp, and mouth clean will contribute to good health. Remember that even just water alone can cleanse these areas. You don't always need loads of soap and sanitizers to stay fresh.
Nuclear Threat - In most cases, you will be informed of an evacuation, in which you will want to have your portable emergency survival kit ready to go. If no evacuation is possible, shelter yourself from the outside air, close off all openings and ventilation, and seek low ground.
Hazardous Materials Incident - Similar to a nuclear threat, you will want to keep yourself away from contamination. Seek medical attention if you feel you have been exposed to anything toxic.
Terrorism - Terroristic threats can come in many forms, most of which can be prepared for the same way. These threats include biological, nuclear, or chemical. Listen to military personell if instructed, otherwise do not draw attention and avoid threatening situations.
Dam Failure or Tidal Wave - Learn from your local authorities whether or not you are suscpetible to these types of disaster. If so, make sure you have an escape plan or shelter you can seek in such an event. Remember to keep your basic emergency survival kit prepared.