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All You Need to Know About Preparing Your Bug Out Shelter

Posted by on 10/21/2016 to Shelter and Warmth

Do you ever think about what you would do in a disaster or emergency situation? You know, that type of fight or flight thing that can’t be predicted, and when you need to adapt really fast in order to survive?

Well if that’s the case, maybe you should consider building a sturdy bug out shelter where you can live safely until the problem gets solved. Or until you get old and grey, because most apocalypse stories never end well.

Why you need one?

Reasons why you need a secluded shelter mostly regard having an escape plan in case everything goes south with this world. So you might think about various possible doomsday scenarios like:
  • A virus outbreak
  • Terrorist attack
  • War
  • Global famine
  • Erupting volcanoes
  • Zombie apocalypse
  • Huge earthquakes
  • Massive scale tornadoes
  • Devastating tsunamis
Or if you’re the lone wolf type of person, maybe you need some time alone where no one can disturb you.

Where should you place it?

Location is really important, and you’ll have to think about:

How far it is from you

If you’re pretty far from your shelter that could mean you may not even get there in time. For example, imagine if something goes horribly wrong like a virus outbreak or a volcanic eruption in the Yellowstone Park. That would translate into road blockages and law enforcement roaming everywhere, not letting you pass.

So pick your spot very carefully and make sure you have at least a couple of quick access ways to get there, either by car or foot. Make sure you check these roads frequently to find out if they become blocked in the meantime and if you need to find new ways to get there.

How can you choose the perfect distance? Easy:

  • Less than a full tank of gas away if you’re going by car.
  • Less than 5 days of hiking when going on foot.

How far it is from other people

Try to think of a middle-of- nowhere type of location, and that will give you a clue about where to place your shelter. You don’t want to be too close to large cities, mostly because other people can find your spot. That’s bad because:
  • If an emergency hits, you’ll have to share with victims.
  • You’re prone to looting.
  • Your whole shelter may be destroyed by vandals.
  • You can be kicked out of the shelter.
  • In the case of a virus outbreak, you’re more likely to get infected.

The natural setting

The actual location of your shelter mainly depends on your preferences, because each option has advantages and disadvantages.

The mountains

  • Lots of wood to make fires.
  • Lots of material to build additional shelters.
  • Plenty of critters and wildlife to hunt.
  • Water springs around.
  • No visibility.
  • Can’t cultivate the land.
  • Colder weather.

The plains

  • More visibility.
  • Self-sustainability thanks to agriculture.
  • Less firewood.
  • Less wildlife to hunt for food.
  • Less likely to find water springs.

The sea-shore

  • Lots of fish to eat.
  • Fast escape route on the sea.
  • Warmer weather.
  • Less likely to hunt.
  • Can’t cultivate the land.
  • You’re cornered if you don’t have a boat.
  • Can’t drink salty water.

What else should you consider?

When it comes to additional things to consider with these types of shelters, focus on things like:

Access to water

Having water nearby means you’re able to actually live there on the long-term. The best thing would be for you to have at least one spring around, although more would be even better in case one dries out.

Even ponds and lakes can make good water sources if you have a good water purifier. Also, consider a water desalinization system if your shelter is near the beach.

A good storage system should also be considered, because you need water for sanitary purposes too, not only drinking it.

Food

When it comes to food you need to have walking food around you, like all sorts of game you can actually hunt, as well as edible insects and plants. In order to get this food, you’ll need to have some basic weapons which you’ve already learnt how to use, like:
  • Rifle.
  • Bow.
  • Knife.
  • Fishing rod.
The last one isn’t really necessary, seeing as you can build a rudimentary one with stuff you find in the great outdoors.

For eating plants and insects, you’ll have to learn more about the flora and fauna in your area, especially which ones can be eaten. The best advice here would be to stay away from mushrooms, as well as too colorful insects that sting.

Hiding yourself

Building a shelter in a remote location isn’t enough to hide your tracks completely. You can further do that by taking necessary precaution measures because the last thing you’d want is fighting for your spot. So make sure you:
  • Don’t light too many fires during the day, so smoke can’t be spotted.
  • Don’t light fires that are too big.
  • Move stealthily in your surroundings.
  • Don’t make unnecessary noise.
  • Limit your cooking.
  • Don’t leave tracks that lead to your shelter.
  • Equip your shelter with a warning system.
  • Build a good defense system.
  • Have two different escape routes.
  • Have an escape plan in place.

Supplies

There are some supplies you definitely should have if you’re planning on resisting on your own in the wilderness:
  • Aluminum foil.
  • Axe.
  • Backpack.
  • Camp stove.
  • Can opener.
  • Cans of food.
  • Clothespins.
  • Clothing items for different weather.
  • Duct tape.
  • Fuel.
  • Groundsheet.
  • Hatchet.
  • Headlamps.
  • Insect repellent.
  • Lantern.
  • Lighter.
  • Medicine.
  • Multi-tool.
  • Paper.
  • Portable battery.
  • Rope or cord.
  • Sleeping bag.
  • Super-glue.
  • Tarpaulin.
  • Tent.
  • Water bottles.
  • Water purifying tablets.
  • Waterproof matches.
  • Whistle.
  • Solar charger.

What now?

A good shelter can only take you so far when it comes to your survival. The best thing you can do is follow your instincts at all times, and set clear goals in order to minimize potential anxiety attacks or unpredictable situations.

Also, make sure you learn hunting and building techniques, as well as focus on improving or acquiring new skills every day.
 
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