When packing a bug-out kit, what is the ideal amount of food and water I should pack? Should I rely more on procurement methods and pack tools that can help me obtain food and water? Additionally, what types of food are best to pack?
I personally have a blend of both. But some of that depends on your location and what natural surroundings provide you. In my area, short of hunting, water is far easier to procure than food however, it must be filtered so a good portable filtration device is always crucial. You can also go longer without food than water. High quality dense protein bars don't take a lot of room and can get you through the tough times. If you do have a gun in your bag (highly recommended either on you or your bag, better on you) then you do have a method of easily hunting should it come to that. In dry climates however, water may be just as difficult as food. At that point have a strategy in place for where to go or a router that would take you closer to water/food rich areas. I always focus on more expensive quality tools than I do on days and days of food/water. Again, so many variables make the proper answer difficult without more information. Hope that at least gets your juices flowing on considerations. WhyPrep
I try and camp in spots I know. I want to be close enough to walk to a water source, lakes, creeks, rivers, etc.. Always can fish and boil the water to use, most people just think of hunting for food when fresh fish is easy to catch.
I have 4 days worth of dehydrated food in my BOB. I only plan on carrying my Katadyn water filter and one liter of water on me, as I live in an area with two rivers and numerous creeks. You said "procurement", do you mean hunting/foraging or scavenging? - "Procurement refers to the act pf obtaining foods or water whether but hunting, trapping, fishing or foraging."
I keep some food and water in my emergency/get home bag. I also keep tools that would allow me to procure more food if I have to. If I have a chance to carry a little food and water I will. Even high percentage procurement methods aren't guaranteed. Food in the bag is, but I think preparing to survive requires both.
When I plan meals for my BOB, I try to plan in terms of calorie expenditure not total # of meals. Currently, I've planned on about 1600 calories per day (a little lean, I know) but this is for an emergency.
I try to carry 3 days worth of food. I once carried 14 days of food and water on a backpacking trip, my load was heavy!
I always carry 24 ounces of water with me to work in the morning so I'd consider it part of my edc or get-home kit. I live roughly 5 miles from home so I've never thought about adding food into my edc.
In my bug out bag (which I'm in the process of building) I plan to keep at least two days worth of meals. So far I only have an MRE, some Ramen and beef jerky (not nutrient dense but it'll fill you up! Beef jerky+beef Ramen actually tastes pretty good imo). My bug out bag also has a hydration bladder in it.
Also, it takes a lot of practice to start effectively living off of food you procure. Start with a two day trip and back up food. Do that once a month at least and try different methods of procurement until you find out which is most fruitful in your area. Also, know the foliage. Not as good as a steak, but it doesn't run!
What is the best way or best resource for learning about wild edibles in a specific locale?
I was just on Edible Wild Food looking up local edibles. Usually I have the book "wild edible plants" on me. It has pretty good pics and is based per region. I would also try a Peterson guide.
Also check out Eat The Weeds. He is a botanist who is focused around that region.
Another option is to check with a local college.
I live in an agricultural area. I picked up a little book on common "weeds" from an agri-chem salesman at a local farmers cooperative. It has a ton of plants identified that I simply cross-referenced with my edible/medicinal plant guide. Most of the weeds happen to be medicinal.
It would be good to become very familiar first with the poisonous plants that are local in your area or the area that you plan to be at. It will help you be sure what your using as an edible is not it's evil twin....savvy? But many here probably know this already....just a reminder.
Some plants come over on boat but grow wild. Are you familiar with milk weed, cat tail and arrow root? Also, check out Wilderness Outfitters and Sarge faris channel.